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RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 425-431

Gene transfection mediated by polyethyleneimine-polyethylene glycol nanocarrier prevents cisplatin-induced spiral ganglion cell damage


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Guan-gui Chen
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province
China
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Source of Support: This study was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province in China, No. S2011040003553., Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1673-5374.153691

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Polyethyleneimine-polyethylene glycol (PEI-PEG), a novel nanocarrier, has been used for transfection and gene therapy in a variety of cells. In our previous study, we successfully carried out PEI-PEG-mediated gene transfer in spiral ganglion cells. It remains unclear whether PEI-PEG could be used for gene therapy with X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) in the inner ear. In the present study, we performed PEI-PEG-mediated XIAP gene transfection in the cochlea of Sprague-Dawley rats, via scala tympani fenestration, before daily cisplatin injections. Auditory brainstem reflex tests demonstrated the protective effects of XIAP gene therapy on auditory function. Immunohistochemical staining revealed XIAP protein expression in the cytoplasm of cells in the spiral ganglion, the organ of Corti and the stria vascularis. Reverse transcription-PCR detected high levels of XIAP mRNA expression in the cochlea. The present findings suggest that PEI-PEG nanocarrier-mediated XIAP gene transfection results in XIAP expression in the cochlea, prevents damage to cochlear spiral ganglion cells, and protects hearing.


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