ORC ID , Tian-yuan Yu Ph.D. 1 ORC ID , Wong Steven1, Wen-duan Jia1, Chi Ma1, Yan-hong Tao1, Chao Yang1, Tao-tao Lv1, Shuai Wu1, Meng-qian Lu1, Jia-li Liu2">
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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 2018-2024

“Three Methods and Three Points” regulates p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord in a rat model of sciatic nerve injury

1 College of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China
2 College of Taditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, China

Correspondence Address:
Tian-yuan Yu
College of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing
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Source of Support: This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China, No. 81373759; the Natural Science Foundation of Beijing of China, No. 7142097., Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1673-5374.197147

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Tuina is a traditional Chinese treatment for sensory disturbances caused by peripheral nerve injury and related diseases. Our previous studies showed that tuina regulates relevant regions and indices of the spinal dorsal horn using the Dian, Bo, and Rou method in Yinmen (BL37), Yanglingquan (GB34), and Weizhong (BL40). Treatment prevents muscle atrophy, protects spinal cord neurons, and promotes sciatic nerve repair. The mechanisms of action of tuina for treating peripheral nerve injury remain poorly understood. This study established rat models of sciatic nerve injury using the crushing method. Rats received Chinese tuina in accordance with the principle of “Three Methods and Three Points,” once daily for 20 days. Tuina intervention reduced paw withdrawal latency and improved wet weight of the gastrocnemius muscle, as well as promoting morphological recovery of sciatic nerve fibers, Schwann cells, and axons. The protein expression levels of phospho-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interleukin-1β also decreased. These findings indicate that “Three Methods and Three Points” promoted morphological recovery and improved behavior of rats with peripheral nerve injury.

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