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INVITED REVIEW
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 12  |  Page : 1933-1938

Non-invasive brain stimulation to promote motor and functional recovery following spinal cord injury


1 Department of Neurology, Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, University College London, London, UK
3 Institut Guttmann, Institut Universitari de Neurorehabilitació adscrit a la UAB, Badalona–Barcelona; Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès); Fundació Institut d'Investigació en Ciències de la Salut Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Hatice Kumru
Institut Guttmann, Institut Universitari de Neurorehabilitació adscrit a la UAB, Badalona–Barcelona; Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès); Fundació Institut d'Investigació en Ciències de la Salut Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona
Spain
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1673-5374.221143

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We conducted a systematic review of studies using non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS: repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)) as a research and clinical tool aimed at improving motor and functional recovery or spasticity in patients following spinal cord injury (SCI) under the assumption that if the residual corticospinal circuits could be stimulated appropriately, the changes might be accompanied by functional recovery or an improvement in spasticity. This review summarizes the literature on the changes induced by NIBS in the motor and functional recovery and spasticity control of the upper and lower extremities following SCI.


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