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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 1125-1135

The impact of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury on stem cell mobilization, migration, adhesion, and proliferation

Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA

Correspondence Address:
Eric S Peeples
Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1673-5374.235012

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Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy continues to be a significant cause of death or neurodevelopmental delays despite standard use of therapeutic hypothermia. The use of stem cell transplantation has recently emerged as a promising supplemental therapy to further improve the outcomes of infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. After the injury, the brain releases several chemical mediators, many of which communicate directly with stem cells to encourage mobilization, migration, cell adhesion and differentiation. This manuscript reviews the biomarkers that are released from the injured brain and their interactions with stem cells, providing insight regarding how their upregulation could improve stem cell therapy by maximizing cell delivery to the injured tissue.

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