Figure 1: Demonstration of peripheral nerve transection, repair surgery, and massage therapy. (A) Exposure of the right sciatic nerve. (B) Sciatic nerve transection. (C) Direct nerve repair by perineurial suturing. The yellow arrow indicates the nerve coaptation site. (D) Custom-made massage device. 1: Rubber strips; 2: electric motor; 3: pressure sensor; 4: tensor spring; 5: electric relay. (E) Massage therapy procedure. The rat was fixed on the holder with the gastrocnemius muscle of the affected hindlimb clamped by the two rubber strips of the massage simulator. (F) Schematic diagram of the massage therapy. The red arrows indicate the different directions of force produced by the instrument.